Noun clause হলাে এমন শব্দগুচ্ছ যেখানে একটি subject ও একটি predicate থাকে এবং যা noun হিসেবে বাক্যে তার কার্য সম্পন্ন করে। নিচে বাঁকা হরফে প্রদত্ত শব্দগুচ্ছ লক্ষ করো।

I expect that I shall get a prize. (expect what?)

*that I shall get a prize’ শব্দগুচ্ছে একটি subject (I) ও একটি predicate (shall get a prize) আছে। কাজেই এটি একটি clause. এই clause-টি বাক্যে expect ক্রিয়ার object এবং সেহেতু noun হিসেবে কাজ করে। (কি?” প্রশ্নের উত্তরে একে পাওয়া যায়)। এজন্য আমরা একে noun clause বলছি। (আগে Clause কি? দেখে আসতে পারো)

Noun Clause | What Are Noun Clauses? Learn Grammar in Bengali

Use of the noun clause

Noun clause বাক্যে নানাভাবে ব্যবহৃত হতে পারে, যেমন subject, object, object of preposition, appositive এবং complement হিসেবে। উদাহরণ:

  • That he is honest is known to all. (Subject)
  • I know that he will come. (Object)
  • I am not sure to whom he will go. (Object of preposition)
  • The idea that she did it was wrong. (Appositive)
  • It seemed that it would rain. (Complement)
  • This is what I want. (Complement)

That-clause: Noun clause প্রায়শ that দিয়ে শুরু হয় এবং এরূপ clause-কে that-clause বলে। that-clause যুক্ত বাক্য it দ্বারা শুরু হতে দেখা যায়, যেমন:

It is disappointing that Tamal can’t come.

লক্ষণীয়, ‘it’ হচ্ছে এখানে dummy subject (যার কোন অর্থ নেই) এবং ‘that Tamal can’t come’ হলাে real subject. সচারাচর এরুপ বাক্যের গঠন হলো: It + be/seem + adjective + that clause:

  • It’s splendid that you passed your exam.
  • It’s strange that there are no lights on.

কতক adjective- এর ক্ষেত্রে that … should ব্যবহৃত হতে দেখা যায়, যেমন:

  • It is essential that everybody knows/should know what to do.

একটি বিকল্প গঠন হলো: It + be/seem + a + noun + that clause. এক্ষেত্রে mercy, miracle, nuisance, pity, shame, relief, wonder এই noun-গুলো ব্যবহৃত হতে পারে; a good thing-এর ব্যবহার পরিলক্ষিত হয়।

  • It’s a great pity (that) they didn’t get married.
  • It’s a wonder (that) you weren’t killed.
  • It’s a good thing (that) you were insured.

That-clause after certain adjectives: কতিপয় adjectives-এর পরে that-clause ব্যবহৃত হতে দেখা যায়। এর গঠন হলাে: Subject + be + adjective that-clause.

I am delighted that you passed your exam.

নিম্নলিখিত adjective-এর সংঙ্গে এই গঠনটি দেখা যায়:

(a) adjectives expressing emotion: glad, pleased, relieved, sorry.
(b) Adjectives expressing anxiety, condolence, etc: afraid, anxious, aware, certain, confident, conscious, convinced; anxious– এর সঙ্গে that … should হয়।

  • I’m afraid that I can’t come next week.
  • Are you certain that the sound was loud?

That-clause after certain nouns

কতিপয় noun বিশেষত abstract noun এর পরে that-clause ব্যবহৃত হয়। এদের মধ্যে উল্লেখযোগ্য হলো allegation, announcement, belief, discovery, fact, fear, guarantee, hope, knowledge, promise, proposal, report, rumor, suggestion suspicion; proposal ও suggestion- এর সঙ্গে that … should ব্যবহৃত হয়।

  • The announcement that a new airport is to be built nearby aroused immediate opposition.
  • The proposal/suggestion that Sunday should be the holiday led to a heated discussion.
  • A report that the area was dangerous was ignored by the residents.

Verbs taking that-clause: অনেক verb আছে যাদের পরে that-clause ব্যবহৃত হয়। এরুপ
verb-  এর একটি তালিকা নিচেয় দেওয়া হলো।

acknowledge inform threaten
find seem determine
recommend assure demonstrate
admit insist perceive
forget show turn out
allege beg pretend
advise know presume
guarantee state understand
remember believe discover
agree learn vow
happen stipulate urge
remind command doubt
hear make out promise
request suggest love
announce confess estimate
hope mean propose
resolve suppose warn
appear consider feel
imagine notice fear
reveal teach realize
arrange declare Wonder
imply observe explain
say tell recognise
ask decide complain
indicate occur deny
see think remark
assume demand

Examples:

  • They alleged/made out that they had been unjustly dismissed.
  • He assumes that we agree with him.
  • I can prove that he did it.
  • Do you know that he is a cheat?

লক্ষণীয়, appear, happen, occur, seem, turn out ইত্যাদির সঙ্গে বাক্যে subject হিসাবে it বসে:

  • It appears/seems that we have come on the wrong day.
  • It occurred to me that he might be lying.
  • It turned out that nobody remembered the address.

that + subject + should গঠনটি agree, arrange, be anxious, beg, command, decide, demand, determine, be determined, order, resolveurge‘-এর পরে (infinitive construction-এর পরিবর্তে), এবং insistsuggest– এর পরে (gerund construction- এর পরিবর্তে) ব্যবহৃত হয়।

  • They agreed/decided that a statue should be put up. (=They agreed/decided to put up a statue.)
  • He urged that the matter should go to arbitration. (=He urged to go to arbitration with the matter.)
  • He suggested that a reward should be offered. (=He suggested offering a reward.)

Wh-word দ্বারা শুরু হওয়া clause-ও noun clause হিসেবে কাজ করতে পারে। এ ধরনের clause-কে আমরা ‘wh’ noun clause বলতে পারি। নিচের বাক্যগুলোতে ব্যবহৃত বাকা হরফের clause গুলো  লক্ষ করো।

  • I forget who told me this.
  • I don’t know what he will say.
  • I wonder when he will pay me back.
  • He asked where he was to go.
  • I can’t think why he left his wife.
  • Have you heard how he is getting on?
  • Will you say which pen is yours?
  • Do you know whose father died yesterday?

এই বাক্যগুলিতে wh-clause গুলো transitive verb-এর পরে object হিসেবে ব্যবহৃত হয়েছে। ‘wh’ noun clause আবার বাক্যের শুরতে subject হিসেবেও ব্যবহৃত হতে পারে। যেমন:

  • What you are saying is right.
  • Where he lives is not known.
  • Why he killed her is a mystery.
  • When she will get back is uncertain.
  • How he solved the problem is a miracle.

একটা জিনিস লক্ষনীয়, কোন subordinate clause কখনো interrogative হয় না। Questions word দিয়ে শুরু হলেও clause-টির structure হবে statement-এর মত। “He asked me where did I go? বাক্যটি মোটেও শুদ্ধ নয়। বলতে হবে “He asked me where I went.”

Noun-clause আবার if/whether দিয়েও শুরু হতে পারে।

  • She asked me if/whether I needed her help.
  • I asked her whether she was coming.
  • I worry about whether I heart her feelings.
  • I wonder whether I should invite her or not.

নীচে Noun-clause-এর আরাে কিছু উদাহরণ দেখা

  • What he said was wrong. (subject)
  • I don’t know who she is. (object)
  • She asked me where I was going. (object)
  • I don’t believe in what he says. (After a preposition)
  • The view that she is innocent is wrong. (in apposition)
  • I am happy that you have come. (After an adjective)
  • This is exactly what she said. (complement)

You can learn English grammar from this site www.bengalimeaning.com. Also there is English to Bangla and Bangla to English online dictionary with all the words synonyms, definition with a lot of word examples.

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